The Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
If you have been diagnosed with ADHD, the next step is to learn all you can about the signs and symptoms of ADHD. Learn about the types of ADHD, the causes, and how ADHD is diagnosed. Getting proper treatment for ADHD is essential for the long-term management of the condition. Once you understand the signs and symptoms of ADHD, you can take the proper steps to get the best treatment for your ADHD. Follow these tips and you’ll soon see great improvement in your attention, self-control, and school performance. Managing ADHD is possible with the proper medication and practice. It’s not an easy task, but it’s not impossible. Using the right tools and strategies can make the difference between failure and success.
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
Hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness are common characteristics of healthy children. These characteristics are normal for preschoolers and older children. Inattentiveness and hyperactivity often coexist. Children with ADHD tend to be impulsive and inattentive, and are often unable to stay focused on tasks. ADHD often causes a person to become disorganized and to struggle with meeting deadlines and maintaining organization in their living space. The person often experiences feelings of restlessness, boredom, and excessive activity during inappropriate times.
Children and adults with ADHD often have trouble paying attention and completing tasks. They make careless mistakes in schoolwork, squirm, and struggle with following directions. They lose focus easily and cannot finish chores and tasks in time. In adults, their constant multitasking can make them exhausting, and they are unable to sit still for long periods of time. This restlessness can cause them to be disruptive at work or in social situations.
Treatment for ADHD may involve individual therapy, behavioral coaching, and/or cognitive behavioral therapy. Behavioral coaches, cognitive behavior therapy, self-help groups, and educational assistance are also options. Treatment should involve a team of professionals including the child and parents. A behavioral coach can help the child manage time, boost productivity, and reduce stress. They can also help the child learn new skills and attitude toward their symptoms. If you suspect your child may have ADHD, see a licensed professional right away.
Types of ADHD
Different people experience the different symptoms of ADHD, which are usually caused by the same underlying problem. The different types of ADHD are classified as either hyperactive or inattentive. There is no single treatment for ADHD, but different approaches can work for each. In most cases, the first step in treating ADHD is to consult a physician. A medical professional can provide a detailed diagnosis after gathering information from different sources. These sources may include interviews, family history, school experiences, and intellectual testing. ADHD assessments will likely include interviews with the patient, spouse, and child.
One of the most common forms of ADHD is the hyperactive-impulsive type. Children and adults with this type of ADHD are often impulsive and fidgety in many situations. This type is often diagnosed in older children, while those with a combination of both types of ADHD need professional help. These symptoms are difficult to manage in the classroom and often result in poor academic performance. In some cases, the ADHD symptoms can be so severe that they can cause a disruption to the learning environment.
Children with predominantly inattentive ADHD are disorganized, easily distracted, and forgetful. These symptoms are especially noticeable in school, and parents may overlook this type of ADHD because their child displays the signs of physical hyperactivity. Adults with attention problems may learn to hide their symptoms, making them less visible as they age. But to be sure that your child has a diagnosis of ADHD, you need to determine if they exhibit any of these symptoms.
Causes of ADHD
What Are the Causes of ADHD? This common condition is influenced by several genes and non-inherited factors. Exposure to these risk factors does not cause ADHD, but it may increase the severity of symptoms and impairment. In fact, exposure to these risk factors is found in many healthy individuals. But this does not mean that a child with ADHD will be predisposed to it. The factors that affect the development of ADHD may be different than the ones that affect a healthy individual.
An important factor in the development of ADHD is an abnormality of the brain’s cortical thickness, a critical marker of the disorder. In order to regulate attention and behavior, specific regions of the brain must be thick. Psychosocial trauma, for example, disrupts the child’s attachment systems and regulate environment, which is vital for normal development. ADHD patients display disruptive behaviors. This disorder is often diagnosed at a young age. The causes of ADHD are complex and controversial.
Genetics plays a role in the development of ADHD. Genetic studies are just beginning to identify the genes that are associated with ADHD. Various family studies have indicated a hereditary component. One study showed that up to 25% of relatives of an ADHD child had the disorder. These studies also found that ADHD is common in children from low-income families. There are also non-hereditary factors that affect the development of ADHD. But there is no proof that these factors are the only causes of ADHD.
How is ADHD Diagnosed?
There are several ways to test for ADHD. Experts agree on several criteria, and will collect information from the child’s teachers, parents, and teachers’ assistants. A child with ADHD may exhibit three or more of the five symptoms listed above. Other possible diagnoses include autism and a learning disability. But the most common way to detect ADHD is through a child’s behavior. A child with ADHD is likely to be more disruptive than his or her peers.
A healthcare provider will diagnose ADHD after reviewing the child’s symptoms and behavior. During the visit, the provider will ask the child and parents several questions about his or her history and how ADHD has affected his or her life. Older children and teens can answer more questions about their symptoms and their impact on school life. Sometimes, tests will be performed to rule out physical problems or other causes of ADHD. These exams may also lead to a new diagnosis, including medication.
To diagnose ADHD, a child must have at least five symptoms, be younger than twelve, and experience difficulties consistently at home and in school. There is no specific test to confirm ADHD in children, so the physician will assess the child’s behaviors and collect information from the child and parents. In addition to performing a physical examination, the physician will gather information about the child’s medical history, personal history, and school records. A medical specialist will also perform screening tests to rule out other medical conditions that may cause similar symptoms to ADHD.
Treatsments for ADHD
There are many treatment options for ADHD, including behavioral therapy, medication, and non-pharmacological measures. For children, behavioral therapy has been used to help manage the disruptive behaviors and inattention associated with ADHD for over 30 years. These programs help children build social skills and improve academic performance. Some of these programs include supervised sports and other recreational activities. These types of treatment are most effective in children who are not yet old enough to participate in traditional sports.
The CDC has a wide array of resources available to parents, healthcare providers, and policymakers. You can read about the CDC’s work in treating ADHD. It has also approved two devices that can be used to treat ADHD in children. The FDA’s approval standards for these devices are much lower than those for drugs. But they must prove the safety and effectiveness of these devices. If you are concerned about the safety of these devices, check with your doctor first.
Behavioral treatments are generally recommended for preschool-age children with ADHD. If behavioral treatments are not effective, medication may be added. If behavioral treatments don’t work for your child, the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry has compiled a guide to medication for parents. If behavioral treatments don’t work for your child, work with your child’s doctor to find the right treatment. There are other options, too.
ADHD in Adults
Whether you are a teenager, young adult, or an adult, you might be experiencing the symptoms of ADHD in adults. These symptoms can range from stress and disorganization to last-minute demands, negative labels, and poor educational outcomes. In addition, undiagnosed adult ADHD can have wide-ranging effects. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, your life can be significantly improved. Listed below are some important facts about adult ADHD and the best way to treat it.
During childhood, many people with ADHD did not have the same symptoms. They may have been labelled as a dreamer, slacker, or troublemaker. This may have helped them deal with their symptoms and cope. However, as adults, they may be struggling to cope with their responsibilities, which makes it even more difficult to manage the symptoms of ADHD. As a result, the symptoms of ADHD may be more noticeable than they were when they were children.
An evaluation of symptoms includes a complete history of childhood behaviors, academic reports, and psychological tests. Depending on the severity of symptoms, health care providers may also ask for permission to speak with close family members or friends. Behavioral tests may also be performed, including standardized behavior rating scales and ADHD symptom checklists. Some people will undergo psychological tests to determine executive functioning and working memory. If an individual is suffering from ADHD, the doctor will likely prescribe medication based on the results.
ADHD medications work by influencing brain chemicals involved in the disorder. They are effective for controlling core symptoms of ADHD and have relatively low adverse effects. Stimulants are more effective for adults than nonstimulants, but can lead to rebound symptoms and can be misused. Long-acting stimulants reduce these risks. For most adults, medication is recommended for treatment of ADHD. However, they should be used only under the supervision of a physician.
Atypical antidepressants such as bupropion are widely used for ADHD. They work by inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine from synapses and have little effect on serotonergic reuptake. These drugs may be prescribed for children as young as five, and are available in both instant-release and delayed-release forms. However, they are not suitable for all children.
In addition to taking the prescribed medication, parents should work closely with their health care provider to select the most suitable medication for their child. They should consider the risks and benefits of the medication and construct a timeline of their daily needs. During this period, the pediatrician may ask parents to fill out behavior rating scales and teachers to watch changes in the child’s goals. However, parents should know that stimulants are not suitable for every child. Some children with certain medical conditions cannot take these medications, such as children with congenital heart disease or tic disorders.